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American tower back dating

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A badly flawed copy of the inscription was forwarded to the University of Minnesota, where a translation was attempted by Olaus J. It would take more than another 100 years for scholars, correcting for the imperfect copy, to properly translate the text. Year 1362.” PROFESSIONALS JUMP TO DEBUNK ARTIFACT Although a professor of Scandinavian languages and literature, Breda’s runic knowledge was limited.The front face reads, “Eight Gotlanders and 22 Norwegians on (this) reclaiming/acquisition journey far west from Vinland. He hastily proclaimed Ohman’s discovery a transparent hoax.

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Interpretation: The presence of ‘the dotted R’ indicates the Kensington Rune Stone inscription could only have been carved during medieval times.” Unequivocal verification of the Kensington Rune Stone’s 14th-century identity was a true scientific triumph, establishing beyond doubt that Scandinavian seafarers arrived in the heartland of North America 130 years before Christopher Columbus left Spain in search of the New World.ADDITIONAL FINDS Not far north and 27 years before the Kensington Rune Stone was discovered, an old fire-steel identical to medieval Norse specimens at Oslo’s University Museum emerged from deep beneath the bank of the Red River near Climax, Minnesota.Compelling considerations such as these prompted investigators to seek out professional help of their own in 2000. Paul-based American Petrographic Services, a firm specializing in the analysis of construction materials to determine suitability, conformance to specifications, or causes of failure. Wolter, a university-trained, certified geologist, who had never even heard of the Kensington Rune Stone.He never tried to make money off the rune stone; he often cursed the day he found it; and swore he told the whole truth about its discovery unto the hour of his death.With the family reputation ruined, he was shunned and mocked by society to the extent that one of his daughters committed suicide.Not until 1937, when hydrological surveys were conducted for the state of Minnesota, did investigators learn that the area of discovery was virtually flooded with streams and lakes during the 14th century and for at least 500 years before.

Increasingly dry conditions beginning in the 16th century transfigured the regional landscape into swamps and marsh, until it became the rich pasture Olof Ohman settled in the late 1800s.

When a simple farmer discovered what seemed to be an ancient stone with “Viking-style” runes inscribed on it in Minnesota, people said he was crazy or lying.

But more than 100 years later, additional discoveries have proved the stele was the real Mc Coy, although left there by Knights Templar of the Middle Ages rather than Norsemen., by Scott F. Although the author of this Revisionist book, who is well known to longtime readers of TBR, is a professional geologist and not a historian, the discoveries made by Wolter in recent years and described in Hooked X are powerful enough to compel a fundamental rethinking of our view of the American past.

Breda was supported by Norway’s leading archeologist of the late 19th century, Oluf Rygh, and his colleagues at Northwestern University, in Evanston, Illinois.

Their unanimous dismissal of the rune stone was based entirely on its error-ridden facsimile, and ruined Ohman’s life in an era when a man’s word was truly his bond.

In November, he presented his preliminary findings: the alleged artifact exhibited unmistakable signs of a sub-surface erosional process requiring a minimum of 200 years.